Scotland Low Emission Zone Consultation on Regulations and Guidance 2019-2020


The Transport (Scotland) Act (2019) provides the legislation to enable the creation and civil enforcement of Low Emission Zones (LEZs). In order to develop specific LEZ regulations further consultation was needed.

Facilitated by Transport Scotland, the consultation ran from 13 December 2019 – 24 February 2020.

It asked questions about key aspects of LEZ regulations and guidance, particularly emission standards, exemptions and penalty charges.

In total, 305 responses were received. You can view the full results in the analysis report.

The feedback and comments received helped inform the development of LEZ regulations and how they operate across Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow.

Key Findings

LEZ scheme – post-implementation review

24% suggested the review should investigate air quality and emissions e.g. before and after LEZ implementation.

Penalty charges

53% of respondents disagreed with the proposed penalty changes, with an overarching feeling that the penalty rate was too high. 35% of respondents agreed.

LEZ general principles

57% of respondents agreed with the proposed plans.

Environmental impact

56% thought that there would be an impact on the environment, air quality being the main positive impact.

Effect on businesses

61% anticipated an increase in the costs and burdens placed on business sectors.

Secondary objectives to be created for LEZ schemes

39% of respondents identified secondary objectives e.g. public transport provision, planning / placemaking, public health / wellbeing and reducing congestion.

Emission standards

agreed with the proposed emission standards with many agreeing that emission standards should be more stringent.

agreed with the shift to zero or ultra-low emission city centres by 2030.

agreed with the steps required for enabling a LEZ scheme to come into effect.


In 2017, Transport Scotland facilitated a public consultation, Building Scotland’s Low Emission Zones, to inform development of the Transport (Scotland) Act 2019 and the draft National Low Emissions Framework (NLEF).

View the responses here.